IPv6日渐完善,家里的宽带和手机也都分配了ipv6全球单播地址,手机分到了/64,宽带更是分到了/56。测试了一下运营商内外的连通性也都还可以,基本能跑满带宽,IPv6终于可以用起来了,个个都是公网,不用再渴求ipv4和搞内网穿透了。

适用

此教程适用于基于linux的各种系统,ubuntu、centos、openwrt、群晖 等等,本文只介绍IPv6,不涉及IPv4。

代码

aliddnsipv6_ak="阿里AccessKey ID"
aliddnsipv6_sk="阿里Access Key Secret"
aliddnsipv6_name1='二级域名前缀,比如使用nas.rousongs.com,此处填写nas'
aliddnsipv6_domain='主域名,此处填写rousongs.com'
aliddnsipv6_ttl="600"

if [ "$aliddnsipv6_name1" = "@" ]
then
  aliddnsipv6_name=$aliddnsipv6_domain
else
  aliddnsipv6_name=$aliddnsipv6_name1.$aliddnsipv6_domain
fi

now=`date`

die () {
    echo $1
}

ipv6s=`ip addr show eth0 | grep "inet6.*global" | awk '{print $2}' | awk -F"/" '{print $1}'` || die "$ipv6"

for ipv6 in $ipv6s
do
  #ipv6 = $ipv6
  break
done

echo $ipv6

current_ipv6=`nslookup -query=AAAA $aliddnsipv6_name 2>&1`
#echo $current_ipv6

current_ipv6=`echo "$current_ipv6" | grep 'Address: ' | tail -n1 | awk '{print $NF}'`
echo $current_ipv6

if [ "$?" -eq "0" ]
then
    current_ipv6=`echo "$current_ipv6" | grep 'Address: ' | tail -n1 | awk '{print $NF}'`
    echo $current_ipv6

    if [ "$ipv6" = "$current_ipv6" ]
    then
        echo "skipping"
    fi 
# fix when A record removed by manual dns is always update error
else
    unset aliddnsipv6_record_id
fi


timestamp=`date -u "+%Y-%m-%dT%H%%3A%M%%3A%SZ"`


urlencode() {
    # urlencode <string>
    out=""
    while read -n1 c
    do
        case $c in
            [a-zA-Z0-9._-]) out="$out$c" ;;
            *) out="$out`printf '%%%02X' "'$c"`" ;;
        esac
    done
    echo -n $out
}

enc() {
    echo -n "$1" | urlencode
}

send_request() {
    local args="AccessKeyId=$aliddnsipv6_ak&Action=$1&Format=json&$2&Version=2015-01-09"
    local hash=$(echo -n "GET&%2F&$(enc "$args")" | openssl dgst -sha1 -hmac "$aliddnsipv6_sk&" -binary | openssl base64)
    curl -s "http://alidns.aliyuncs.com/?$args&Signature=$(enc "$hash")"
}

get_recordid() {
    grep -Eo '"RecordId":"[0-9]+"' | cut -d':' -f2 | tr -d '"'
}

query_recordid() {
    send_request "DescribeSubDomainRecords" "SignatureMethod=HMAC-SHA1&SignatureNonce=$timestamp&SignatureVersion=1.0&SubDomain=$aliddnsipv6_name&Timestamp=$timestamp&Type=AAAA"
}

update_record() {
    send_request "UpdateDomainRecord" "RR=$aliddnsipv6_name1&RecordId=$1&SignatureMethod=HMAC-SHA1&SignatureNonce=$timestamp&SignatureVersion=1.0&TTL=$aliddnsipv6_ttl&Timestamp=$timestamp&Type=AAAA&Value=$(enc $ipv6)"
}

add_record() {
    send_request "AddDomainRecord&DomainName=$aliddnsipv6_domain" "RR=$aliddnsipv6_name1&SignatureMethod=HMAC-SHA1&SignatureNonce=$timestamp&SignatureVersion=1.0&TTL=$aliddnsipv6_ttl&Timestamp=$timestamp&Type=AAAA&Value=$(enc $ipv6)"
}

#add support */%2A and @/%40 record


if [ "$aliddnsipv6_record_id" = "" ]
then
    aliddnsipv6_record_id=`query_recordid | get_recordid`
    #echo '-----------------' $aliddnsipv6_record_id
fi
if [ "$aliddnsipv6_record_id" = "" ]
then
    aliddnsipv6_record_id=`add_record | get_recordid`
    echo "added record $aliddnsipv6_record_id"
else
    update_record $aliddnsipv6_record_id
    echo "updated record $aliddnsipv6_record_id"
fi

配置

将以上代码保存为aliddns.sh,需要修改的项有以下几处:

aliddnsipv6_ak="阿里AccessKey ID"
aliddnsipv6_sk="阿里Access Key Secret"
aliddnsipv6_name1='二级域名前缀,比如使用nas.rousongs.com,此处填写nas'
aliddnsipv6_domain='主域名'

第19行左右ipv6s=ip addr show eth0`,eth0为网卡名称,修改成对应网卡名称。
然后将此文件放于任意位置,在当前目录输入./aliddns.sh运行即可。

计划任务

  1. 群晖,群晖在设置--计划任务里设置即可。
  2. OpenWrt等linux都可以使用crontab执行计划任务,参考https://www.rousongs.com/1262.html

拓展

至于如何实现IPv4,有空再写。